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Vulva and Introitus

Biopsy of the Vulva

Excision of Urethral Caruncle

Bartholin's Gland Cyst Marsupialization

Excision of Vulvar Skin, with Split-Thickness Skin Graft

Bartholin's Gland Excision

Vaginal Outlet
Stenosis Repair

Closure of Wide Local Excision of the Vulva

Wide Local Excision
of the Vulva, With Primary Closure or Z-plasty Flap

Alcohol Injection
of the Vulva

Cortisone Injection
of the Vulva

Merring Operation

Simple Vulvectomy

Excision of the
Vulva by the Loop Electrical Excision Procedure (LEEP)

Excision of
Vestibular Adenitis

Release of Labial Fusion


Excision Of Hypertrophied Clitoris

Release of Labia Fusion

Labial fusion is secondary to a urogenital sinus deformity, and in the majority of cases the labia separate on their own or with applications of estrogen cream. There are, however, some cases where the fusion is not amenable to conservative management and surgical intervention is required.

The importance of preoperative evaluation prior to surgical management is vital to the success of the procedure. The gender of some patients may be unclear. The clitoris is mistaken for a micropenis, and the fused folds of the labia may be mistaken for a scrotum with undescended testes. Appropriate cytogenetic studies are indicated. An examination under anesthesia with careful probing of all openings under the clitoris/penis should be performed.

Only after the patient has been adequately evaluated should surgical management be started.

Physiologic Changes. The fused labia are opened, resulting in a normal vaginal canal.

Points of Caution.   Care should be taken to identify all genital canals within the pelvis. A silver wire probe and uterine sound should be gently inserted into the various canals under general anesthesia in order to identify each opening prior to making an incision into the labia.


With the patient under general anesthesia in the dorsal lithotomy position, the external genitalia should be carefully examined, and a search should be made for the opening of the orifice of the urogenital sinus.
A pediatric cystoscope is used to visualize the urethral meatus and vagina.

A large sound is passed into the orifice of the urogenital sinus, and a scalpel is used to open the median raphe.

The squamous epithelium of the labia majora is sutured to the mucous membrane of the vestibule with interrupted 4-0 synthetic absorbable sutures.

When the last suture has been placed, the normal female anatomy is essentially restored. Bladder catheterization and vaginal packs are not required.


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